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Hall of Valence Marie / Pembroke College

History of Pembroke College

The Hall of Valence Marie or Pembroke Hall, now Pembroke College, was founded by Mary de St. Pol, Countess of Pembroke, Baroness of Wexford in Ireland, and of Montignac, Bellac and Rançon in France, daughter of Guy, Count of St. Pol, and widow of Aymer de Valence, Earl of Pembroke. The Royal Licence of foundation was granted by Edward III on 24 December 1347.


1871 census:

Henry M D Ratcliffe, 20, undergraduate, b Kent

Thomas Smith, 65, college butler, b Lancs

Elizabeth Hodson, sister to above, widow, butler’s housekeeper, b Lancs

John Hodson, son to above, 31, butler’s assistant, b Liverpool

Simeon Hayward, 22, butler’s servant, b Cambridge

Emmeline Peters, 17, butler’s servant, b Trumpington

Theodore R Stockley, 37 college under porter, b Cambridge

For more information about Thomas Smith and his legacy to his nephew John Hodson.


General information about Pembroke College can be found on Wikipedia.

In 1878 it had been proposed to demolish the ‘Old Library’ at Pembroke College but the Fellows had the task of renovation handed over to George Gilbert Scott Jnr. As a result the Old Libary was saved and Scott designed New Court which was built by Rattee and Kett in 1881. The New Court combines elements of the Arts and Crafts movement with motifs from over three centuries of architecture.

For more information see:

The chapel was designed by Christopher Wren, his very first engagement as an architect in fact:


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