A dramatic event happened on 24 August 1876 that shocked the town of Cambridge
A gruesome murder
In that year, a tailor, Frederick Scriven, lived and worked in No. 15 Covent Garden (now replaced by a modern house, No. 15B). He had an assistant named Robert Browning, a former soldier. As he finished work on the fateful evening in question, Robert went up to Mill Road, and from there walked over to Fair Street (off Maids’ Causeway), where he drank a pint of beer. Thirst satisfied, he walked to the Four Lamps road junction, and there picked up Emma Rolfe, a 16-year-old prostitute, and took her to Midsummer Common. The two of them haggled for a while over the price, and then, in a rage, Robert slit her throat and left her body in the grass. On his way home, he met Police Constable Joseph Wheel, confessed what he had done, and took Wheel to the site of the murder.
This gruesome story made the national newspapers, and 2,000 people attended Emma’s funeral in Mill Road Cemetery. Her grave is located near the Norfolk Street entrance of the cemetery, beside the main path.
The Ballad of Emma Rolfe
The Ballad of Emma Rolfe was published as a broadsheet while Robert stood accused. Its refrain ran:
Poor Emma Rolfe had no time to repent
From Midsummer Common to eternity sent
Robert Brown was her murderer, in prison he’s cast
From virtue she strayed to be murdered at last.
Browning was tried at the Norwich assizes on 29th November and found guilty. A plea of insanity was rejected by the Home Secretary, and he was hanged on 15th December 1876 at the Cambridge Borough Gaol, the site on which the St Anne’s car park now stands.
(Information from Philip Howell, ‛Midsummer Murder’, Emmanuel College Magazine xxxv/1 (2003/04), 122‒27)