Capturing Cambridge
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St Andrew's Street nos 26 - 30

30 St Andrew’s Street / Bird Bolt Inn

History of 30 St Andrew's Street

According to Outside the Barnwell Gate (1915), this was the site of the celebrated medieval inn, the Bird Bolt. Indeed, the Downing Street had previously been known as Bird-Bolt Lane. It was then in the possession of St John’s Hospital and it passed into the hands of the college of the same name.

Bird Bolt Inn circa 1910

Plan of Bird Bolt Inn 1792

Bird Bolt Inn circa 1900 Downing Street aspect

For more information se the page on the St John’s College website:

The building was demolished circa 1900 and the business moved to 41 Regent Street.


1539: William Badcocke granted tenement

1577: lease granted to Jo Redayne of the Burbolt. Mr Redman was a well-known Esquire-Bedell (1563-c.1579) who had many financial and commercial dealings.

1596: lease granted to William Munnes, yeoman, of the Burbolt.

1609: lease to William Scarlett, stationer, of the Burbolte – he was a well-known Cambridge stationer.

1631: licence granted by the Vice-Chancellor of ‘The Hanging Burbolt, in St Andrew’s Parish, an Inn.’ This was to Henry Butts, the Master of Corpus who, having acted so heroically during the long plague in Cambridge, committed suicide on easter Day 1632.

The Wikipedia entry on Corpus Christi College records: The next notable Master was Henry Butts, who was also Vice Chancellor of the University. When the plague returned to the city and the rest of the University had fled, Butts stayed at his post and tried to limit the pestilence while staying alone in the college. He was unrewarded for his bravery and this experience seems to have had a terrible effect on him. In 1632, when Butts failed to turn up to deliver the University Sermon on Easter Day, he was found to have hanged himself.

A Short History of Corpus Christi (2013) revised O. Rackham says:

The next notable Master was Henry Butts, winner of a hung election in 1626 (after his opponent had thought he had elected himself by his own casting vote). He is remembered as the author of Diets Drie Dinner, a spoof herbal and parody of herbalists’ claptrap. He was an overworked man in Cambridge’s nastiest period, especially when as Vice-Chancellor he had the job of organizing a visit by the new and touchy King Charles I.

Dr Butts came to a premature and tragic end. In 1630, when he was still Vice-Chancellor, plague struck Cambridge yet again. Almost everyone who could ran away (as people did when there was plague), but Butts stayed resolutely at his post and worked with the town authorities to try to limit the pestilence and to organize supplies and relief for the vast numbers of unemployed. In a sad letter to Lord Coventry he describes how he himself was ‘alone, a destitute and forsaken man; not a Scholler with me in the college, not a Scholler seen by me without. God all-sufficient (I trust) is with me’. This dangerous and heroic task went unrewarded and unthanked. Butts was subjected next year to mean intrigue and criticism (Cambridge at its worst) over the postponed royal visit. His mind gave way; he thought God had deserted him; and on Easter Day 1632, failing to turn up for the University Sermon which he was to preach, he was found hanged in his garters from the lintel of a door in the Master’s Lodge.

1821: Richard Foster, lessee

1830: Thomas Lee (Pigot’s Directory)

1839: Thomas Lee (Pigot’s)

1842: Thomas Lee, (London Gazette, 4 March 1842)

1842: William Stewart, ostler, (London Gazette, 4 March 1842)

1843: Alfred William Farrall,  innkeeper, licensed to let Horses and Gigs & Livery Stable-keeper, (London Gazette, 9 February 1849)

1851: Henry Charles Davis (Gardner’s)

1852: Henry Davis (Slaters)

1859: James Flack, tenant (Records of Thompsons Lane Brewery)



James Flack, inn keeper, 50, b London
Martha Flack, 48, b Cambridge
Caroline Flack, sister, 47, b Ware
Elizabeth Thurbon, cook, 34, b Cambridge
Mary Ann Saunders, waitress, 24, b Stansted
Mary Ann Loft, housemaid, 20, b Newmarket
William F Stallden, boots, 28, b Great Thetford


1867: P E Gray (Mathieson’s)

1869: Philip Edward Gray (Post Office Directory)



Philip E Gray, hotel keeper, 37, b Thrapston
Harriett Gray, 38, b Cambridge
Philip H Gray, 10, b Cambridge
Emily J Gray, 9, b Cambridge
Ellen H Gray, 8, b Cambridge
Dora E Gray, 4, b Cambridge
Percy C Gray, 7 ms, b Cambridge
John W Gray, brother, Commercial Leather Trader, 38, b Thrapston
Harriet Turpin, barmaid, 29, Huntingdonshire
Henry Marriott, assistant, 22, Lymington Hunts
Rosa C Dance, governess, 19, b Bootle
Mary A Sanders, waitress, 24,  b Stanstead
Ann Chapman, housemaid, 25, b Dallingham
Mary Croft, cook, 20, b Greenfield
Kate Holmes, scullerymaid, 20, b Fulbourn
Anne Bangs, nursemaid, 13, b Cambridge
John F Knights, boots, 21, b Mellis Suffolk
William G Osborne, visitor,  Lord, 35
Thomas Fogg, visitor, chemicals & manure commercial, 37, b London


1875: Philip E Gray (Kelly’s)

1876: Philip Edward Gray, innkeeper bankrupt (London Gazette, 5 December 1876)

1879: Robert William Cole (Post Office Directory)



Joseph Winship, hotel keeper, 44, b Grassby  Lincoln
Louisa Winship, 37, Nayland Suffolk
Joseph Winship, 3, b Cambridge
Alfred J Winship, 6 months, b Cambridge
Anna L Numm, waitress (Inn, 31, Upleaden Gloucester
Susanah Cole, cook, widow, 52, b Wellington Somerset
Anne Marsh, nursemaid, 18, b Bottisham
Clara Bignall, nursemaid, 18, b Cambridge
Walter Chapman, boots, 22, b Quy
Arthur Cope, boarder, commercial traveller, 28, b Wolverhampton
Thomas Tar Handy, boarder, commercial traveller,28, b Sheffield


1882: Robert William Cole, hotel keeper (London Gazette, 27 October 1882 )



Joseph Winship, hotel keeper auctioneer etc, 54, b Grassby, Lincolnshire
Louisa Winship, 47, Nayland Suffolk
Joseph Winship, 13, b Cambridge
Alfred G Winship, 10, b Cambridge
Mary Briggs, cook, 41, b Ailesworth Northamptonshire
Annie Poole, hotel waitress, 38, b Chelsea
George Howard, boots, 30, b Carlton Cambridgeshire
Ada Pierce, domestic servant, 26, b Hackney
Emma Rawlinson, domestic servant, 26, b Cowlinge Suffolk
Thomas Samuels, waiter, 22, b Cambridge
Ada Fuller, domestic servant, 16, b Little Wilbraham
Lawrence J Mitchell, lodger, commercial traveller, 37, b Ireland
Frederick J C Linton, lodger, civil engineer, 50, b Edinburgh


In 1901 Joseph Winship Snr is an Auctioneer, with wife and Joseph Jnr at 2 Regent Street. The address 29 and 30 St Andrews Street is shown on the 1901 census page so was probably vacant



(30) Mather and Son, jewellers

(30a) Norwich Union Fire Insurance Society


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