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Vicarage Terrace

History of Vicarage Terrace

Vicarage Terrace – OS map 1925

…………….

1913:

NORTH SIDE

Rev. F Hawtrey, St Matthew’s Vicarage

(22) Miss Gates

Mrs Wisbey

(24) George Lofts, labourer

(26) David Dear, labourer

(28) George Miles, labourer

(30) Robert Asplen, labourer

HERE IS ST MATTHEWS STREET [Incorrectly labelled STURTON]

SOUTH SIDE

(1) Arthur Henry Lowlings, labourer

(2) William Langley, gardener

(3) Thomas Humm, plasterer

(4) Charles Gillingham, labourer

(5) James Batham, labourer

(6) Sidney S Palmer, printer

(7) Charles Unwin, mill hand

(8) Henry Savage, college servant

(9) John Chapman

(10)  John Asbey, coalheaver

(11) Elijah Tarrant, painter

(12) Ernest Cornwell, college servant

(13) William Gates, hotel porter

(14) Mrs Green

(15) Charles Aldridge, labourer

(16) Alfred Watson, labourer

(17) William Loynes, dealer

(18) Mrs Wyer

(19) Thomas Overhill, bootmaker

(21) Andrew Thomas n Prevett, bookbinder

(23) Frederick Loynes

(25) Mrs Gooch, greengrocer

(27) A Peck

(29) Frederick Graves

(31) John Robert Bagstaff, labourer

…………..

1939:

(1)

Cyril Leonard Dear, b 1916, builder’s labourer

(2)

William Langley, b 1895, college butler

Lily, b 1893

William, b 1921, bricklayer’s apprentice

(3)

Charles Frederick Clark, b 1896, fruit salesman

Daisy, b 1898

Peggy, b 1923, factory hand

Barbara P, b 1925

Gladys, b 1927

Hetty Rosen, b 1930

(4)

Alfred Watts, b 1898, journeying coalman

Mabel, b 1891

(5)

Thomas A Beresford, b 1907, river foreman

Alice V, b 1908

Michael T, b 1938

?

?

(6)

Sidney S Palmer, b 1886, printer’s labourer

Emma, b 1888

(7)

Charles T Unwin, b 1886, college servant

Sophia K, b 1883

Harold B, b 1910, brush factory machinist

Arthur, b 1915, van salesman

Olive, b 1919, typist

(8)

Leonard S Palmer,  b 1909, carpenter and joiner

Doris, b 1906

Molly, b 1930

Leonard, b 1935

(9)

Edith Hutchins, b 1893, domestic cleaner

(10)

Eric Kingston, b 1908, builders labourer (ARP service full time)

Rosina J, b 1915

?

?

?

(11)

Alfred Hinson, b 1891, tailor trouser maker

May F, b 1894

Maud Dorothy, b 1913, radio coil winder

Stanley A, b 1915, screw machine tool fitter

(12)

May Langford, b 1890

Edward C, b 1891

Reginald, b 1916

?

?

Elizabeth Quarterman, b 1860

?

(13)

Clara Blinco, b 1878

James Hobbs, b 1878

(14)

Martha Hatchman, b 1890

Joyce, b 1922, sewing machinist knitting factory

(15)

John Northfield, b 1868, general labourer

Elizabeth A, b 1874

?

?

(16)

Alfred F Watson, b 1882, public works labourer

Annie, b 1885

Sydney A, b 1908

?

?

?

(17)

Minnie L Darling, b 1984

?

(18)

Arthur G Fordham, b 1901, journeyman baker

Ellen R, b 1908

?

Derek, b 1936

?

?

(19)

Arthur Fordham, b 1891, general labourer

Lily, b 1905

Ruby, b 1912

(21)

Susan Prevett, b 1854, old age pensioner

Susan, b 1880, incapacitated

George Fenton, b 1892, iron moulder

Gertrude Fenton, b 1893

?

?

?

(23)

Alice Loynes, b 1850

Sydney Clements, b 1890

Florence Clements, b 1896

Edith Loynes, b 1894, incapacitated

(25)

Annie Dear, b 1907

Harry, b 1905, builders labourer

David, b 1936

Frederick Darling, b 1882, horse keeper

(27)

Fred Ding, b 1890, coal hoister

Alice Ding, b 1892, college help

Vera Carter, b 1917, shop assistant

(29)

John Peacock, b 1866, farm labourer

Albert Shepherd, b 1886, farm labourer

(31)

Bernard W Lester, b 1916, warehouseman

(22)

Sidney G Willis, b 1916, wireless inspector

Mabel, b 1914, radio transformer

(24)

Mary Winter, b 1913, worker food and jam factory

(26)

Dorothy Pattinson, b 1909

?

(28)

William W Stokes, b 1879, incapacitated

Helen E, b 1879

Dorothy, b 1908, machine operator

Mary J, b 1910, worker food preserving factory

(30)

Charles A Finkel, 1888, general labourer (ARP)

Florence, b 1892

?

?

…………….

Vicarage Terrace was hit in a German bombing raid in June 1940. It was the most serious bombing incident so far in the war and the first time that an enemy aircraft had been shot down at night over the UK. This was largely due to the clear conditions as well as accurate use of searchlights to illuminate German bombers for the RAF.

Nos 1-6 Vicarage Terrace were demolished and nos. 7-10 were seriously damaged.  A large crater marked the site on nos. 3 to 5. It was likely that two 50kg HE bombs were used. Many windows in St Matthew’s church were smashed by the blast; the eight foot high wall around the vicarage collapsed. There was serious damage to gas, water and sewage mains.

Sunderland Daily Echo and Shipping Gazette 18/6/1940

7 NAZI PLAN DOWN – 100 Machines In Raid … and East Coast – ELEVEN CIVILIANS KILLED FOURTEEN INJURED

It is learned authoritatively that …. took part in the raid on the The East Coast during the night, in which … and at least 14 injured. 

It is believed that enemy’s … aerodromes on the East Coast. Damage … slight. 

Seven raiders were brought down … Counties, one in the sea off the East … in the sea off the South-East …. accounted for five of the planes but … almost certain destroyed, and probably brought down by A.A. fire. 

The main damage was done in a town in Cambridgeshire, a salvo of bombs fallng in a street where most of the casualties occurred. 

This is the first time that any German bomber has been shot down over the British Isles during night hours. 

Last night was described as a night in a hundred. It was brilliant, and our fighter airmen would like to think they would be operating always under similar conditions. 

Dead and injured in the row of houses on which bombs fell in a working class district of an East Anglian town [Cambridge] are as follow: 

Killed: Heather Dear (5 months) [no.1], Mr Langley [no.2], Sam Langley (19) [no.2],  Gladys Clarke (11) [no.3], Mr and Mrs T Beresford [no.5], and their son Michael (2) [no.5], Molly Palmer (9) [no.8], and Leonard Palmer (6) [no.8], the latter dying in hospital. 

Injured: Mrs Kate Clarke (42) [no.3] shock,  Charles F F Clarke (43) [no.3] fracture of the leg, Peggy Clarke (19) [no.3] multiple abrasions (all these at the same address); Mrs Kathleen Dear (22) [no.1] mother of the dead baby,  shock: Sidney S. Palmer (54) [no.6] cut head: Mrs Emma Palmer, (51) [no.6], multiple injuries (these two live at the same address: Lilly Itzcovitch (11)[no.?], an evacuee, cut head and arm: Mrs Mabel Watts [no.4], multiple injuries: Mrs Doris Palmer (34) [no.8] injuries to feet: and Mrs Lily Langley (47) [no.2] shock. 

Mrs Dear’s husband is due to join the Army to-morrow. 

The majority of the enemy aircraft brought down were Heinkel IIIs. They crashed in East Anglia and Kent.

……………….

Jack Overhill wrote in his diary for 19th June:

Last night the siren went off about 11.30. About 12.30 I was awakened by a terrific crash. I called the children down into our bedroom. They got in the bed with Jess. I dressed and lay on the couch that is in our bedroom. Then we heard gunfire. The crash turned out to be a bomb. (I heard at the bathing sheds tonight that there were two bombs, as they had discovered two craters on some houses in Vicarage Terrace, killing nine people and injuring a lot more.) The gunfire was from a Spitfire that went up from Duxford and brought down the machine that dropped the bombs. Lots of people say they saw it brought down. I wasn’t one of them. Jess and I went and had a look at the damage done this morning. Nine houses were just a pile of rubble. They were digging for the bodies. The houses in the next street were stripped of their chimney pots and damaged so that the people had to get out of them (I was told this while we were looking on). I heard from my brother Fred that later in the day the parson was there praying over the rubble.

Michael Bowyer writes about the incident from first hand ex[erience in ‘Air Raid’ (1986) p52. He had sheltered with his family in the Brunswick school air raid shelter when someone ran in shouting ‘They’ve got Vicarage Terrace.’ he write:

Recently an interesting aspect of the incident has revealed itself. A young boy living at the ‘Dog and Pheasant‘ close to Vicarage Terrace, has recalled how his family were awaiting the start of Mum’s birthday, 19 June, when the bombs fell… at precisely two minutes to midnight. While the adults did their best at the ghastly scene he ran to Gwydir Street to summon help. Total disbelief greeted him and a refusal, he claimed to make a report of the incident from the word of a mere child. Not so easily thwarted, he telephoned the police from their call box on the side of the Beaconsfield Hall. According to official accounts, Vicarage Terrace was bombed at 00:15. Strange, because the large oak clock on our mantelpiece recorded the event at midnight, and it kept fairly good time.

For more information:

http://www.creatingmycambridge.com/history-stories/bombing-of-vicarage-terrace-in-ww2/

http://cambridgehistorian.blogspot.com/2012/06/bombing-of-vicarage-terrace_7702.html

The Secret History of the Blitz, Joshua Levine 2015

Vicarage Terrace – 1950 OS map

The houses no. 1-8 approx are missing in this 1950 map.

This would become the site of the Cherry Trees Day Centre.

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