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John o’Gaunt’s House, Bassingbourn

History of John o'Gaunt's House

Listed building on Heritage at Risk Register

The motte is considered to date to the 12th century when it was one of a group of minor strongholds in the locality. The site was later occupied by a manor house belonging to Warin de Bassingbourn who, in 1266, obtained a licence to crenellate the house with a dyke and stone wall. The association with John o’Gaunt is doubtful, although Bassingbourn market was confirmed to him by Edward III. Part of the moat and some structural features were still visible in the 19th century when the motte stood 4m high. In 1887 some of the stonework was robbed out and material from the motte was used to fill the moat.


Edward II stayed at the castle in November 1324. 

The mother of Oliver Cromwell lived here during the life of her first husband, William Lynn, who died when she was 24.

(W M Palmer 1923 Camb Chron.)



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