6 Rose Crescent, The Rose Inn / Tavern
History of 6 Rose Crescent
The Rose stood on the site of an earlier student’s hostel, St Paul’s Inn.
See Enid Porter: Old Cambridge Inns
In 1654 a stagecoach service was started from the Swan Inn in Holborn to the Rose Inn, every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday, carrying four passengers inside at 10s. each.
The Rose is mentioned by Samuel Pepys in his diaries. In October 1667 he visited the town on his way to his estate at Brampton:
Away to Cambridge, it being foul, rainy weather; and there did take up at the Rose, for the sake of Mrs Dorothy Drawwater, the vintener’s daughter, which is mentioned in the play of Sir Marton Mar-all …… [Next day] Up and got ready and eat our breakfast and then took coach …. so we away and got well to Cambridge about 7 to the Rose, the waters not being so high as before …. after dinner, away again and came to Cambridge, after much bad way, about 9 at night; and there at the Rose I met my [father’s] horses, with a man staying for me …..
1670: Sir Thomas Chicheley of Wimpole was elected High Steward of Cambridge. Alderman Newton, in Diary, gave a description of the election. On 17th January:
Tewsday at a generall Common day adjourning from the Tewsday before to this day, was the Patent of Sir Thomas Chicheley sealed for his being High Steward of Cambridge. The same day came in and were sworne Freeman Captain Hunt and mr Turner at the Rose; .. they both together gave a Treat of wine at the Rose to the Mayor, Alderman and 24ty &.
Sir Thomas Chicheley
1817: The owner, John Home, was unable to meet his debts and the premises, including a ‘flourishing brewery’ were sold off.
The inn yard was converted into a street, ‘Waterloo Place’, and James P Twiss took ownership of the brewery.
1818: Twiss is advertising his beers at Water Place.
c. 1822 – 1823: Twiss moves brewery to Newmarket Road.
5/5/1911: The landlady of the Rose public house, Rose Crescent was fined for allowing gambling. Detective Marsh said he went into a room at the back of the bar and saw a young man put money in a penny-in- the-slot machine. He pulled a lever and a ball was forced round. If it had got into a red compartment it paid out two pence but it fell into a white compartment and the money was lost. There was another machine of a different make in the bar. Police had received definite instructions to prosecute in all cases where the machines were found. But there was a similar machine at the Mitre, where it was allowed. (Cam.News)
1913: The Rose
Mrs Eliza Best