The Quayside in 2019
Quayside, Bridge Street
Quayside, Bridge Street
Peter Bryan ( “Cambridge – The Shaping of the City” 2008) notes that there is evidence of Danish traders from c. 900AD living in the Quayside area, which was known as the Hulme, a Danish word indicating an island in a marshy area. It seems likely that they were Danish traders who had come from Ireland. The Liber Eliensis refers to Cambridge in the 10th century as a port of the same rank of importance as Norwich, Ipswich and Thetford.
Half Moon and Quayside
The map above combines elements from the 1886 OS map together with plans of buildings from 1780s. (See T E Faber p.165)
The earliest (c. 14th cent.) buildings known on this site were two cottages on strips (c) and (d) which belonged to one of St Clement’s chantries. There were two more cottages near the Bridge Street entrance to what became the Half Moon Inn.
Shortly before 1547, under threat of confiscation by the king, they were all included with the chantry house and the White Bull in a last-minute lease to George Parker; around 1548 they were granted along with other chantry estates in and around Cambridge to Sir Thomas Wendye and John Barton.
There was also a west facing house on plot (2) but no houses on (3) and (4). At (3) and (4) there was a yard associated with (2) and by 1573 at least one warehouse in the yard. Previously in the 16th cent. the yard had been used for cooperage and/or brewing, initially by John Ford of St Clement’s who died in 1521. John Ford left the property to his wife Eleynn for her life and then to his son Thomas. the widowed Mrs Ford married Thomas Bell [perhaps the son of Thomas Bell who rented Sedge Hall from Corpus in 1486 and Alice who rented a garden from St John’s in 1490] but her second husband died 6 months after the marriage. ten years later Eleyne died and left her son Thomas ‘my brewhouse in which William Browne is now dwelling. the following year Thomas Ford died leaving the brewhouse to his wife Alis. (All three Fords asked to buried in the chapel of St Nicholas in St Clement’s Church, a chapel which was described as new in 1521.)
For most of the 19th cent. the west facing building of the Half Moon were deemed to be Quayside rather than Bridge Street.
Plot (1) on map: Half Moon Inn
Between (1) and (2): ironmonger’s warehouse
Plot (2) on map: public house, formerly the Black Boy and then the Anchor
Plot (3): (3 Quayside) Jolly Waterman
Plot (4): The Union
Plot (5): The Ship
Plot (b) uninhabited stable or turf house
Plot (c) building belong to Cock Ale House [The Union]
Plot (d) building belonging to Cock Ale House [The Union]
Plot (e) building belonging to Half Moon
F Lister, whitesmith
B Jolley & Sons’ furniture warehouses
G T Cain, motor works and garage
Firestone Tyre and Rubber
Magdalene College Hostel
Cambridge University Senior Training Corps
Cambridge University Rifle Association
Vacuum research Ltd
Ernest Gentle, motor trimmer
S J Tyrrell Boatyard