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1,2,3,4,5 Sidney Street, Lloyd’s Bank (Foster’s Bank), Crown and Woolpack Inn

History of 1-5 Sidney Street

This  sequence of buildings appears in two censuses before it is ennumerated in 1861. The properties are those in Sidney Street which were listed after Petty Cury and before St Andrew’s Street.

1841: unnumbered

Thomas Johnson, 58, university marshall

Jemima, 55

Elizabeth Pagnano, 70

………

Benjamin Mordica, 60, bookseller

Eliza Dorking, 25, dress maker

Elizabeth Dorking, 20, dress maker

Sarah Chapman, 15, servant

……….

Charles Adams, 58, innkeeper [Crown and Woolpack]

Susan, 60

Charles, 26

William Flack, 24, servant

Mary Flack, 22, servant

Aver Flack, 20, servant

This was the first premises for the Philo-Union or Cambridge Literary Society which was founded in 1826 for ‘the diffusion of general knowledge and the discussion of all subjects not of a theological nature’. The Society moved in 1846 to the Wrestlers. Josiah Chater went to some meetings but could not afford the annual 15s subscription. (Victorian Cambridge ed. E Porter)

……….

(4?) William Pettet, 25, baker

Martha, 25

William, 5

Emily, 1

Louisa Stockbridge, 21, servant

Emma Cook, 21, servant

Thomas Canham [?], 15, apprentice

George Spencer, 18, apprentice

Morris Smith, 21, independent

Charles Johnson, 23, independent

………

Samuel Salmon, 60, upholsterer

M Ann, 20

Sarah Lawrence, 30, servant

………..

1851: unnumbered

Thomas Johnson, 68, Senate House keeper, b Impington

Catherine, 35, b London

Eleanor Lowdon, 17, servant, b Dry Drayton

William Davies, lodger, 23, graduate of Caius College, b Hants

……….

Augustus Mason, 28, tea dealer and grocer, b Cambridge

Ann, 26, b Hunts

Wilfred, 3, b Cambridge

Robert T, 2, b Cambridge

Joseph T, 6 mos, b Cambridge

Esther Benson, 13, servant, b Waterbeach

………

James Flack, 40, innkeeper [Crown and Woolpack], b London

Martha, 38, b Cambridge

Susan Adams, mother in law, widow, 70, formerly inn keeper, b Essex

Sarah Frost, 29, cook, b Newmarket

Maria Hart, 28, chambermaid, b Cambs

William Dee, 26, ostler, b Hunts

Edmund Wells, lodger, commoner Worcester College Oxford, 21, b Suffolk

On 24th March 1853 the Cambridge Branch of the YMCA moved to no.5 Sidney Street from 14 Rose Crescent. Josiah Chater was a founder member and very active  in the organisation as shown in his diaries. [It seems likely that these premises were no.5] the YMCA was based here for six years.

On 7th August 1858 it was decided that Josiah Chater and Alexander Macintosh should represent Cambridge at the second International Conference of the YMCA to be held later that month in Geneva. These two joined up the Josiah’s brother Alfred, Henry Wallis, Owen Jones, Fred Barrett and Edwin Barrett to have a few days holiday on the Continent before the Conference began. Josiah recorded in his diary this trip in great detail.

See Enid Porter’s article: The YMCA

………

(4?) William Pellet [Pettet], 39, confectioner, b Herts

Martha, 40, b Meldreth

William H, 15, b Hunts

Emily M, 11, b Cambridge

Eliza Rushbrooke, shopwoman, 23, b Ely

Emma Bolton, 16, servant, b Cambs

John W Goodwin, lodger, 25, Licentiate of medicine Caius College, b Norfolk

………

(3?) William C Baker, 23, linen draper employing 10, b Cambridge

Emma, 21, b Cambridge

Richard, brother, 17, draper’s assistant, b Cambridge

Robert Philips, 20, draper’s assistant, b Scotland

John O Payne [Pain], 22, draper’s assistant, b Beds [in 1861 he is running the business]

John Major, 24, draper’s assistant, b Wilts

John Dear, 22, draper’s assistant, b Herts

Wallis Parkhouse, 19, draper’s assistant, b Cambridge

John Wheelhouse, 19, draper’s assistant, b Norfolk

Robert Bentley, 30, draper’s assistant, b London

Rebecca Button, 40, servant, b Essex

Mary Ann Blinco, 23, servant, b Cambs

James Day, 19, errand boy, b Comberton

……….

(2?) Frances Rainby, 57, straw bonnet maker, b Cambridge

Elizabeth Morris, 16, servant, b Cambs

Edward C Everett, lodger, 21, tailor, b Cambridge

Sophia Biffen, lodger, 33, milliner, b Somerset

Phebe Emmers, 14, servant, b Cambridge

…………

(1?) D Redfarn, 50, robe maker

M

William [Redfern]

Lucy Stinton, 25, servant, b Cambs

………….

1861:

(5) Joseph Bond, 55, grocer employing 3 men and 1 boy, b Cambridge

Frances, 57, b Cambridge

Frederic, 35, grocer, b Cambridge

Joseph J, 20, solicitor articled clerk, b Cambridge

Mary Anne, 27, b Cambridge

Frances Anne, 25, b Cambridge

Peter James, shopman, 19, journeyman grocer, b Northants

Isabella Webb, 22, servant, b Cambs

(4) William Pettet, 45, tobacconist, b Herts

Emily Martha, 20, b Cambridge

Elizabeth Matthews, 16, servant, b Gt Wilbraham

(3) John Odell Pain, 32, draper employing 10 men 8 women, b Beds

Annie Dennis, 23, draper’s assistant, b Cambs

Elizabeth D Lanham, 33, draper’s assistant, b Warwicks

May Ann C Ripshaw, 22, draper’s assistant, b London

Maria J Ashby, 26, draper’s assistant, b Sussex

May Ann Wilsford, 24, draper’s assistant, b Devon

Georgiana Nichols, 26, draper’s assistant, b Norfolk

Edward Lloyd, 24, draper’s assistant, b Wales

Sidney F Bassing, 22, draper’s assistant, b Norfolk

Henry Gregory, 39, draper’s assistant, b Berks

James R Hawes, 34, drapers assistant, b London

William N Berry, 23, draper’s assistant, b Leics

Thomas E Brown, 17, draper’s assistant, b Hunts

Walter R G Osborne, 17, draper’s assistant, b Norfolk

William Granger, 18, draper’s assistant, b Haddenham

Rebecca Button, 52, servant, b Essex

Sarah Miller, 23, servant, b Quy

Matthew Roakes, 23, servant, b Swaffham

John Mansfield, 20, servant, b Swavesey

(2) Robert B Edwards, 22, poulterer employing 2 boys, b Cambridge

Rebecca Bichena, 70, grandmother, b Cambs

Rebecca Burdakin, daughter, widow, 47, b Cambs

(1) Daniel Redfarn, 63, tailor and robemaker employing 20 men and 1 boy, b Cambridge

Mary Ann, 55, b Cambridge

William, 20, animal painter, b Cambridge

Catherine Wilson, 21, servant, b Cambridge

……………

Junction of St Andrew’s and Sidney Streets.

1913

The Capital and Counties Bank Ltd (late Fosters’) W G Hobbs manager

The photo above shows the appearance of no.1 Sidney Street presumably before it was taken over by Foster’s Bank.

1-5 Sidney Street, Foster’s Bank

……………………………………….

The surviving building was designed by the famous architect Alfred Waterhouse who also designed Girton College and the Natural History Museum in London. He was commissioned by the Foster family who wanted a new location for their bank which had outgrown its old location in Trinity Street. Both the exterior and interior of the building are impressive.

31/8/1939: Lloyd’s Bank practiced evacuating their staff to air raid shelters in the two strong rooms adjoining the main hall of the bank. Those in Lloyds Bank Chambers used a specially constructed cat-walk over the roof to the fire escape window. The two strong rooms are situated one below the other and a trapdoor will supply a means of escape should one of the entrances become blocked. In the event of a raid customers can accompany the staff or seek the nearest public shelter in wine vaults under Peas Hill (Cam.News)

1962

Lloyd’s Bank

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